Knowledge & Skills
Industrial Engineering, 7th of October 2021, 030002

Lean Management - Part 1: The origin of Lean

Pedro Alexandre Marques

Full access 

on KS-Portal


*Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Campo Grande 376, 1749-024 Lisbon, PORTUGAL

Associate editor: Lamice Denguir

Corresponding author: [email protected]

Creative Commons License




In this presentation, the historical origin of Lean management and its evolution till now is presented.

-How did Taylor build scientific basis to production management?

-How did Taylorism become a way of life and what are its limits?

-How did a broken Japan just getting out of WWII improve the quality of its production and overcome the scarcity of its natural resources to become one of the world leaders of lean manufacturing of the 20th century?

-How did the US catch up after the 1970's crisis?

-What about the 21st century challenges?

The answer to these questions and more freaky facts about the origin and evolution of Lean Management are exposed in this OpenAccess presentation, the first of a series of courses prepared by Dr. Eng. Pedro Alexandre Marques about Lean Management.

Histrory of Lean Management, 



Deeming Loop,




(1) F.W.Taylor, 1911, ”The principles of Scientific management”, Cornell University Library, ISBN-10 1112304436

(2) J. Sheldrake, 2003, “The Gilberths and motion study”, Management Theory, Thompson Learning, ISBN 1-86152-963-5

(3) L. Aft, 2000, “Therblig Analysis”, Work Measurement and Methods Improvement”, John Wiley & sons, ISBN 0-471-37089-4

(4) H. Tabuchi, 2013, “Eiji Toyoda, Promoter of the Toyota Way and Engineer of its Growth, dies at 100”, The New York Times, 20/09/2013.

(5) T. Ohno, 1988, “Toyota Production System: Beyond Large-Scale Production”, Portland Oregon: Productivity Press ISBN 0-915299-14-3

(6) R. Aguayo, 1991, “Dr. Deming: The american who taught the Japanese about quality”, Fireside, ISBN 0-671-74621-9.

(7) W.E. Deming, 1986, “Out of the crisis”, MIT Press, ISBN 0-911379-01-0

(8) J.M. Juran, 2004,”Architect of Quality: The Autobiography of Dr. Joseph (9) M. Juran”(1ed.),New York City:McGraw-Hill,ISBN978-0-07-142610-7

(10) K. Ishikawa, 1985,”What Is Total Quality Control? The Japanese Way”(1ed.),Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey:Prentice-Hall,ISBN9780139524332,

(11) J.F. Krafcik, 1988, “Triumph of the Lean Production System”, Sloan Management Review, 30

(12) J.P. Womack,. D.T. Jones.; D. Roos, 1990,”The Machine that Changed the World”, New York: Rawson Associates,ISBN9780892563500

(13) S. Aoki, 2011, “A model of technology transfer in Japan’s rapid economic growth period”, MPRA paper ID 30029.

Managers - Engineers - Engineering Students   


40 minutes video + 10 minutes test + Certificate of completion

English with subtitles   

Support (OpenAccess):
video + pdf memo + MCQ evaluation test 

Video abstract


P.A.Marques, "Lean Management - Part 1: The origin of Lean", Knowledge and Skills, Industrial Engineering, 2021, 030002, ISSN 2800-2083,

Lean Management - Part 1: The origin of Lean

by Pedro Alexandre MARQUES 


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